Crompton, Newton & Co (Derby)

Crompton, Newton & Co (c.1685-1877), established in Derby, was a past constituent of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group. It should not be confused with Crompton, Newton & Co of Chesterfield.

Brief history

This private bank was established in around 1685 by Abraham Crompton. Crompton died in 1734 and was succeeded by his son, Samuel Crompton (died 1757). The business appears to have been connected with the York bank Crompton, Ewbank & Co (est. 1784, ceased 1798), and was also known as Derby Old Bank.

In 1808 the bank's partners established a related bank at Chesterfield, called Crompton & Co but also known as Scarsdale & High Peak Bank. By 1830 the Derby and Chesterfield banks shared the same partners and appear to have effectively merged, operating as a single bank - Crompton, Newton & Co - with a head office in Derby and a branch in Chesterfield.

In 1877 the Derby and Chesterfield businesses were formally merged, along with W & S Evans & Co of Derby, to form a limited liability joint stock bank called Crompton & Evans' Union Bank Ltd.

Detailed list of name changes

  • Samuel & Abraham Crompton from c.1725
  • Samuel, Joshua & Gilbert Crompton by 1780
  • John & Samuel Crompton by 1790
  • Crompton & Co by 1799
  • Crompton, Newton & Co by 1810
  • Crompton, Newton, Leaper & Co by 1812
  • Crompton, Newton & Co by 1846

Summary of our archive holdings

Our archival records of Crompton, Newton & Co of Derby have the reference code CNE. 

For help understanding words used here, check our glossary of banking record types (PDF 24KB).

Partnership records

  • partnership agreement 1808
  • amalgamation papers, balance sheet 1877

Financial records

  • Samuel Crompton: cash books 1707-79, private account book 1739-68
  • accounts with London agent 1761-6, 1777-85
  • drafts drawn on London agents 1775
  • bill of exchange 1791
  • investment and loan ledger 1793-1877
  • Gilbert Crompton: personal cash book 1806-30, receipted bills 1811-45, private account books 1821-40, account passbook 1841-4

Customer records

  • cheques 1877

Property records

  • fire insurance policy 1860

Note issue records

  • promissory notes, receipts and cheques 18th-19th century
  • banknote pulls 19th century